Human growth hormone (HGH) fuels childhood growth and helps maintain tissues and organs throughout all our life. HGH is gerated by the pea-sized pituitary gland, which is located at the base of the brain of every human. From the middle age, however, the pituitary gland slowly reduces the amount of growth hormone it generates.
This natural slowdown is a reason of interest in using synthetic human growth hormone as a way to slow down some of the changes linked to aging, such as decreasing bone and muscle mass.
If you’re still skeptical, it`s good. There are some evidence to suggest HGH can help otherwise healthy adults regain vitality and youth. But still human growth hormone treatments may increase the risk of other medical conditions to appear.
Do some adults need human growth hormone treatment?
Adults who have a deficiency of growth hormone (not the expected decline in growth hormone due to aging) might be prescribed using of synthetic HGH by their doctor.
Usually growth hormone deficiency is caused by treatment of an adenoma with surgery or radiotherapy or a benign tumor on the pituitary gland (pituitary adenoma).
For adults who have deficiency of a growth hormone, injections of HGH can:
- Increase bone density
- Increase exercise capacity
- Decrease body fat
- Increase muscle mass
Also AIDS – or HIV-related growth hormone deficiency that causes irregular distribution of body fat can be the reason for approvement to treat HGH by adults.
How does HGH treatment affect healthy older adults?
Studies of taking human growth hormone by healthy adults are contradictory and limited. Although it appears that HGH can reduce the amount of body fat and increase muscle mass in healthy older adults. But the increased muscle mass doesn’t translate into increased strength.
What are the risks of HGH treatment?
Taking HGH treatment might cause some side effects for healthy adults, including:
- Increased insulin resistance
- Carpal tunnel syndrome
- Swelling in the arms and legs (edema)
- Type 2 diabetes
- For men, enlargement of breast tissue (gynecomastia)
- Joint and muscle pain
- Increased risk of certain cancers
As we know clinical studies in healthy older adults inform that HGH treatment have been relatively short in duration, so we have no information about the long-term effects of HGH treatment for now.
Does human growth hormone come in pill form?
Human growth hormone is approved as a treatment in the United States only for patients with growth hormone deficiency, HIV infection and related problems associated with it. HGH is effective only if taken as an injection.
Pill form of human growth hormone does not exist. Some dietary supplements that come in pill form promise us to boost levels of HGH. But researches show that there is no benefit.
The Food and Drug Administration is considered to controll HGH substance.